References on Cell Phone Radio Frequency Radiation and Cancer 


Key References on Cell Phone Radio Frequency Radiation and Cancer 

Human Evidence Pre WHO/IARC 2011 Classification


IARC Working Group.“Non-ionizing radiation, Part II: Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields” IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, vol. 102, no. 2, 2011, pp. 1-460.


Hardell, L. and M. Carlberg. “Mobile phones, cordless phones and the risk for brain tumours.” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 35, 2009, pp. 5-17.


The INTERPHONE Study Group. Acoustic neuroma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol. 2011 Oct;35(5):453-464.


The INTERPHONE Study Group. Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Jun;39(3):675-694.


Human Evidence Post WHO/IARC Classification


Momoli, F., et al. “Probabilistic multiple-bias modelling applied to the Canadian data from the Human Evidence Pre WHO/IARC Classification

INTERPHONE study of mobile phone use and risk of glioma, meningioma, acoustic neuroma, and parotid gland tumors.” American Journal of Epidemiology, 2017.


Coureau, G., et al. “ Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study.” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 71, no. 7, 2014, pp. 514-22.


Carlberg, Micheal and Lennart Hardell. “Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation.” BioMed Research International, vol. 2017, 2017.


Grell, Kathrine, et al. “The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study.” American Journal of Epidemiology 184.11 (2016): 818-28.


Hardell, M. and L. Carlberg. “Cell and cordless phone risk for glioma – Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997-2003 and 2007-2009.” Pathophysiology, vol. 22, no. 1, 2014, pp. 1-13.


Carlberg, M. and L. Hardell. “Decreased Survival of Glioma Patients with Astrocytoma Grade IV (Glioblastoma Multiforme) Associated with Long-Term Use of Mobile and Cordless Phones.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 10, 2014, pp. 10790-805.


Hardell, L., et al. “Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use. International Journal of Oncology, vol. 43, no. 6, 2013, pp. 1833-45.


Hardell, L., et al. “Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones.” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 43, no. 4, 2013, pp. 1036-44.


Cardis et al. 2011, Elisabeth, et al. “Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries.” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 68, no. 9,  2011, pp. 631-40.


Animal Studies Post IARC

National Toxicology Program 2018 Draft  Report (Stay tuned. This is still undergoing revision after the March 2018 peer review and the NTP will be issuing a final report in Fall 2019)

Wyde, Michael, et al. “National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley® SD rats (Whole Body Exposure). Full report/presentation by NIEHS on DNA damage found in rats and mice, Statement on conclusions of the peer review meeting by NIEHS, released after external peer review meeting.

To  read what happened at the peer review read NIH’s statement “NTP cell phone studies — experts recommend elevated conclusions.”  

National Toxicology Program 2016 Report

Wyde, Michael, et al. “Report of Partial findings from the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley® SD rats (Whole Body Exposure).” bioRxiv, 055699, 2016. (National Toxicology Program Video Presentation that includes genotoxicity results June 2016)

L. Falcioni, L. Bua, E.Tibaldi, M. Lauriola, L. De Angelis, F. Gnudi, D. Mandrioli, M. Manservigi, F. Manservisi, I. Manzoli, I. Menghetti, R. Montella, S. Panzacchi, D. Sgargi, V. Strollo, A.Vornoli, F. Belpoggi , “Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 GHz base station environmental emission”  Environmental Research, 2018 Mar 7. pii: S0013-9351(18)30036-7. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.037

Lerchl, et al. “Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans.” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2015.


Parotid Gland

Sadetzki, Siegal, et al. “Cellular Phone Use and Risk of Benign and Malignant Parotid Gland Tumors–A Nationwide Case-Control Study.”American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 167, no. 4, 2007, pp. 457-67.


Bortkiewicz, A., E. Gadzicka and W. Szymczak.“Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors and salivary gland tumors – A meta-analysis.”International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, vol. 30, no. 1, 2017, pp. 27-43.


Del Signore AG  Megwalu UC., The rising incidence of major salivary gland cancer in the United States, Ear Nose Throat J. 2017 Mar;96(3):E13-E16.



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