Recent Scientific Publications by the EHT Scientific Team

Sepehrimanesh, M. & Davis, D.L. Proteomic impacts of electromagnetic fields on the male reproductive system, Comp Clin Pathol (2016). doi:10.1007/s00580-016-2342-x

  • “Electromagnetic fields (EMF) induce a range of damaging impacts on the capacity of males to produce healthy offspring, affecting pre- and peri-fertilization, as well as producing tera- togenic results including miscarriage.”
  • “In this study, we reviewed structural and functional proteomic changes related to EMF exposure. Reported changes are categorized based on main affected tissue and also the most important adverse effects. Overall, these results demonstrate significant effects of radio frequency-modulated EMF exposure on the proteome, including both structural and functional impacts such as a decrease in the diameter and weight of the seminiferous tubules and the mean height of the germinal epithelium (Ozguner et al. 2005) and/or pathological and physiological changes in key biochemical components of the testicular tissues (Luo et al. 2013).

Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Special Issue: Controversies on Electromagnetic Fields in Neurobiology of Organisms, Special issue edited by Suleyman Kaplan and Devra Davis

Volume 75, Part B, Pages 41-140 (September 2016)

  • This special issue of the Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy edited by Suleyman Kaplan, PhD and Devra Davis, PhD MPH contains five research reviews and five papers on the effects of EMF’s on the brain and nervous system.
Click here to see citations and highlights for the review papers in the special issue

Fernandez-Rodriguez, C.E.; De Salles, A.A.A.; Davis, D.L., “Dosimetric Simulations of Brain Absorption of Mobile Phone Radiation–The Relationship Between psSAR and Age,” in Access, IEEE , vol.3, no., pp.2425-2430, 2015 doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2502900

  • A young child’s skull is not only smaller and thinner than an adult’s, but also has dielectric characteristics closer to those of soft tissues, probably due to a higher water content. The young skull better matches the electromagnetic characteristics of the skin and brain. As a result, finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations confirm field penetration and higher specific absorption rate (SAR) in deeper structures in the young brain.
  • If the peak spatial SAR (psSAR) is modeled in the entire head, as current testing standards recommend, the results for adults and children are equivalent.
  • Our anatomically based evaluations rely on FDTD simulations of different tissues within the brain and confirm that the psSAR in a child’s brain is higher than in an adult’s brain.

Morris, R.D.; Morgan, L.L.; Davis, D.L., “Children Absorb Higher Doses of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Mobile Phones Than Adults,” in Access, IEEE , vol.3, no., pp.2379-2387, 2015 doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2478701

  • In this newly published critique of the 2014 review, EHT researchers found glaring internal inconsistencies and systematic errors in the presentation of data by Foster and Chou. They found summaries of the 23 studies, as quoted by Foster and Chou, support the opposite conclusion that at a fixed level of exposure, children absorb higher peak doses of radiation than adults.
  • The researchers point to a graphical Figure by Foster and Chou that purports to summarize results abstracted from individual studies. This graphic indicated 25% of the results showed higher peak doses in children, 30% showed little or no difference, and 46% showed higher peak doses in adults. Yet, when the authors of those same studies summarize their findings,  summaries quoted by Foster and Chou, most reached the opposite conclusion. “Contrary to what Foster and Chou assert, the majority of studies find that children do absorb greater doses of microwave radiation from mobile phones than adults,” said Morris, noting that 57% of studies concluded that doses are higher in children, while only 10% concluded that doses were higher in adults. 

Morgan LL, Miller AB, Sasco A, Davis DL, Mobile phone radiation causes brain tumors and should be classified as a probable human carcinogen (2A) (review).  Int J Oncol. 2015 May;46(5):1865-71.  Epub 2015 Feb 25.

  • The CERENAT finding of increased risk of glioma is consistent with studies that evaluated use of mobile phones for a decade or longer and corroborate those that have shown a risk of meningioma from mobile phone use. I
  • We conclude that radiofrequency fields should be classified as a Group 2A ̔probable̓ human carcinogen under the criteria used by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (Lyon, France). Additional data should be gathered on exposures to mobile and cordless phones, other WTDs, mobile phone base stations and Wi‑Fi routers to evaluate their impact on public health.
  • We advise that the as low as reasonable achievable (ALARA) principle be adopted for uses of this technology, while a major cross‑disciplinary effort is generated to train researchers in bioelectromagnetics and provide monitoring of potential health impacts of RF‑EMF.

Redmayne M. International policy and advisory response regarding children’s exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Electromagn Biol Med. 2015 Jun 19:1-9.

  • Over twenty countries and municipalities have issued policy or advisories on reducing exposure to electromagnetic fields.
  • “There are a wide variety of approaches which I have categorized and tabulated ranging from ICNIRP/IEEE guidelines and “no extra precautions needed” to precautionary or scientific much lower maxima and extensive advice to minimize RF-EMF exposure, ban advertising/sale to children, and add exposure information to packaging. Precautionary standards use what I term an exclusion principle. The wide range of policy approaches can be confusing for parents/carers of children. Some consensus among advisory organizations would be helpful acknowledging that, despite extensive research, the highly complex nature of both RF-EMF and the human body, and frequent technological updates, means simple assurance of long-term safety cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, minimum exposure of children to RF-EMF is recommended. This does not indicate need for alarm, but mirrors routine health-and-safety precautions. Simple steps are suggested. ICNIRP guidelines need to urgently publish how the head, torso, and limbs’ exposure limits were calculated and what safety margin was applied since this exposure, especially to the abdomen, is now dominant in many children.”

Kaplan S, Deniz OG, Önger ME, Türkmen AP, Yurt KK, Aydın I, Altunkaynak BZ, Davis D. Electromagnetic field and brain development, J Chem Neuroanat. 2015 Dec 12.

  • Rapid advances in technology involve increased exposures to radio-frequency/microwave radiation from mobile phones and other wireless transmitting devices. As cell phones are held close to the head during talking and often stored next to the reproductive organs, studies are mostly focused on the brain. In fact, more research is especially needed to investigate electromagnetic field (EMF)’s effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Several studies clearly demonstrate that EMF emitted by cell phones could affect a range of body systems and functions. Recent work has demonstrated that EMF inhibit the formation and differentiation of neural stem cells during embryonic development and also affect reproductive and neurological health of adults that have undergone prenatal exposure. The aim of this review is to discuss the developing CNS and explain potential impacts of EMF on this system.
  1. Lloyd Morgan, Santosh Kesari, Devra Lee Davis. Why children absorb more microwave radiation than adults: The consequences. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure DOI: 10.1016/j.jmau.2014.06.005. In press. Published online Jul 15, 2014.
  • International Cancer registries are showing a rise in brain cancer.  Children absorb more microwave radiation, a Class 2 B possible carcinogen than adults.  The fetus is in greater danger than children from exposure to MWR.  The legal exposure limits have remained unchanged for decades.  Cellphone manuals warnings and the 20 cm rule for tablets/laptops violate the “normal operating position” regulation.

Davis DL, Kesari S, Soskolne CL, Miller AB, Stein Y.(2013). Swedish review strengthens grounds for concluding that radiation from cellular and cordless phones is a probable human carcinogen. Pathophysiology. 20(2), 123-9.

  • “Given that treatment for a single case of brain cancer can cost between $100,000 for radiation therapy alone and up to $1 million depending on drug costs, resources to address this illness are already in short supply and not universally available in either developing or developed countries. Significant additional shortages in oncology services are expected at the current growth of cancer. No other environmental carcinogen has produced evidence of an increased risk in just one decade…If the increased brain cancer risk found in young users in these recent studies does apply at the global level, the gap between supply and demand for oncology services will continue to widen. Many nations, phone manufacturers, and expert groups, advise prevention in light of these concerns by taking the simple precaution of “distance” to minimize exposures to the brain and body. We note than brain cancer is the proverbial “tip of the iceberg”; the rest of the body is also showing effects other than cancers.”

Gandhi OP, Morgan LL, De Salles AA, Han YY, Herberman RB, Davis DL. (2012).  Exposure limits: the underestimation of absorbed cell phone radiation, especially in children. Electromagn Biol Med. 31(1), 3451.

  • The existing cell phone certification process uses a plastic model of the head called the Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin (SAM), representing the top 10% of U.S. military recruits in 1989 and greatly underestimating the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) for typical mobile phone users, especially children. A superior computer simulation certification process has been approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) but is not employed to certify cell phones. In the United States, the FCC determines maximum allowed exposures. Many countries, especially European Union members, use the “guidelines” of International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), a non governmental agency.
  • Radiofrequency (RF) exposure to a head smaller than SAM will absorb a relatively higher SAR. Also, SAM uses a fluid having the average electrical properties of the head that cannot indicate differential absorption of specific brain tissue, nor absorption in children or smaller adults. The SAR for a 10-year old is up to 153% higher than the SAR for the SAM model. When electrical properties are considered, a child’s head’s absorption can be over two times greater, and absorption of the skull’s bone marrow can be ten times greater than adults. T
  • herefore, a new certification process is needed that incorporates different modes of use, head sizes, and tissue properties. Anatomically based models should be employed in revising safety standards for these ubiquitous modern devices and standards should be set by accountable, independent groups.

Davis DL, Miller AB, Philips A., Association of mobile phone use with adult brain cancer remains plausible. BMJ. 2012 May 1;344  doi: 10.1136/bmj.e3083.

SAR simulations in SAM varying the dimensions, the distances and the age dependent dielectric parameters, CLAUDIO ENRIQUE FERNÁNDEZ-RODRÍGUEZ , ALVARO AUGUSTO ALMEIDA DE SALLES , DEVRA LEE DAVIS AND LLOYD MORGAN, IEEE MTTS IMOC 2015,

  • Some SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) simulated results in SAM (Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin) are shown and discussed in this paper. The IEEE 1528 SAM dimensions and its filling liquid dielectric parameters are changed to simulate the different age characteristics. The distance between the cell phone and the SAM is modified too. It is observed that the peak spatial SAR increases with the increase of the dielectric parameters. A suggestion that the cell phone certification process should rely on both tests (SAR measurement and SAR simulations) is presented and it is recommended that the cell phones should be approved in all tests in order to receive certification.
Research by Mary Redmayne

Redmayne M, Johansson O., Radiofrequency exposure in young and old: different sensitivities in light of age-relevant natural differences., Rev Environ Health. 2015 Dec 1;30(4):323-35. doi: 10.1515/reveh-2015-0030.

Redmayne M, Johansson O.,Could myelin damage from radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure help explain the functional impairment electrohypersensitivity? A review of the evidence., J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2014;17(5):247-58. doi: 10.1080/10937404.2014.923356. Review.

Redmayne M, Smith E, Abramson MJ., The relationship between adolescents’ well-being and their wireless phone use: a cross-sectional study., Environ Health. 2013 Oct 22;12:90. doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-12-90.

Redmayne M., New Zealand adolescents’ cellphone and cordless phone user-habits: are they at increased risk of brain tumours already? A cross-sectional study., Environ Health. 2013 Jan 10;12:5. doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-12-5.


Simulation of psSAR associated with the use of laptop computers as a function of position in relation to the adult body by Sergio M Racini, Alvaro de Salles, Sergio LS Severo, Johan LT Garzon, Robert D. Morris & Devra Davis. This image is from research performed at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul – UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, BioEM2015 Poster Laptop psSAR.pdf

“Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) in the head of Tablet user’s” by Juliana Borges Ferreira and Álvaro Augusto Almeida de Salles of the Electrical Engineering Department of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. The authors conclude in their paper that:

  • “The psSAR simulations in heterogeneous models (adult and child) show higher levels in the children model. The possible reasons for the higher SAR estimated in the child head model compared with adult model can be due to different reasons (e.g. thinner skull, higher dielectric parameters, smaller dimensions, etc.).”
  • “It is very important to remark that the recommendations and the standards usually adopted in different countries only consider the health effects of short time of exposure. Adults, adolescents and children may use these devices for many hours a day, many days a week and many weeks each year. Then these exposures should be reduced in order to reduce the health risks and the standards should be revised again since the last review was many years ago.”

SAR simulations of EMF exposure due to tablet operation close to the user’s body, JULIANA BORGES FERREIRA, CLAUDIO ENRIQUE FERNÁNDEZ-RODRÍGUEZ AND ALVARO AUGUSTO ALMEIDA DE SALLES. IEEE MTTS IMOC 2015,  Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/IMOC.2015.7369205

  • This paper shows an analysis of the interaction of the electromagnetic field generated by a tablet with three different models of human heads: a homogeneous model Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin (SAM) and two heterogeneous models: an adult man and a child. The assessing dosimetric parameters used are the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) computed by SEMCAD X. The distance between the tablet and the head models varies from 50 mm to 200 mm. The SAR decreases with the distance. The higher SAR values were obtained for SAM while the smaller for the adult. All the results are below the safety recommendations from the International Commission Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the Federal Communications Committee (FCC).

Comparison of Electromagnetic Absorption Characteristics in the Head of Adult and a Children for 1800 MHz Mobile Phones, Claudio R. Fernández, Giovani Bulla , A. C. Pedra and Alvaro. A. A. de Salles, IEEE MTTS IMOC 2005, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/IMOC.2005.1580116

  • The specific absorption rate (SAR) produced by mobile phones in the head of children is simulated using an algorithm based in the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. A new model based on a 10 year old child computed tomographic images was used. The electromagnetic parameters were fitted to this age. The results are compared to the SAR calculated in the head of adults. Comparison also were made with SAR calculated in the children model when using adult human electromagnetic parameters values. It is shown that in similar conditions, the SAR calculated for the children is higher than that for the adults. When using the 10 years old child model, values around 80% higher than those for adults were obtained.

Ultra high frequency electromagnetic field effects in erythrocytes micronuclei frequency and birth rate of rats prenatally irradiated, Amâncio R. Ferreira , Tanise Knakievicz , Claudio R. Fernández, Álvaro A. A. de Salles , Henrique B. Ferreira , José C. F. Moreira, IEEE MTTS IMOC 2005, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/IMOC.2005.1580117

FDTD Simulations and Measurements on Planar Antennas for Mobile Phones, Alvaro. A. A. de Salles, Claudio R. Femandez and Mateus Bonadiman, IEEE MTTS IMOC 2003, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/IMOC.2003.1242866

Electromagnetic Absorption in the Head of Adults and Children Due to Mobile Phone Operation Close to the Head, Alvaro A. de Salles, Giovani Bulla & Claudio E. Fernández Rodriguez, EBM 2006, DOI:10.1080/15368370601054894

Oxidative stress effects on the central nervous system of rats after acute exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields, Amâncio R. Ferreira, Fernanda Bonatto, Matheus Augusto de Bittencourt Pasquali, Manuela Polydoro, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Claudio Fernández, Álvaro A.A. de Salles and José C.F. Moreira, Biolelctromagnetics 2006, DOI: 10.1002/bem.20233

Ultra high frequency-electromagnetic field irradiation during pregnancy leads to an increase in erythrocytes micronuclei incidence in rat offspring, Amâncio Romanelli Ferreira, Tanise Knakievicz, Matheus Augusto de Bittencourt Pasquali, Daniel Pens Gelain, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Claudio Enrique Rodriguez Fernández, Álvaro Augusto de Almeida de Salles, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Life Science 2006, DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2006.08.018

FDTD simulations and measurements for cell phone with planar antennas, Claudio R. Fernández, Mateus Bonadiman, Alvaro A. A. De Salles, Annales des Telecommunications 2004, DOI 10.1007/BF03179708

Abstracts from the following scientific research studies are found at: and

  • Preliminary SAR simulation is highest for smallest volumes, youngest age groups, and highest dielectric constant Claudio Fernández , Alvaro de Salles & Devra Davis, (BioEM 2013)
  • Simulation of PsSAR associated with the use of laptop computers as a function of position in relation to the adult body Sergio M Racini , Alvaro de Salles , Sergio LS Severo , Johan LT Garzon , Robert D. Morris & Devra Davis (BioEM 2015)
  • Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) simulations in eyewear and Bluetooth communicating devices operating close to the user’s head Yuli Álvarez , Alvaro de Salles , Robert D. Morris & Devra Davis (BioEM 2015)
  • Age-dependent exposure of the brain in cell phone users Andreas Christ , Claudio Fernández , Devra Davis & Alvaro de Salles (BioEM 2015)
  • Estimating age-specific exposures to laptops and cell phones with anatomically-based models Claudio Fernández, Sergio M Racini, Alvaro de Salles, Robert D. Morris & Devra Davis (BioEM 2015)
Research on Health and the Environment

Wright-Walters M, Volz C, Talbott E, Davis D, An updated weight of evidence approach to the aquatic hazard assessment of Bisphenol A and the derivation a new predicted no effect concentration (Pnec) using a non-parametric methodology, Sci Total Environ. 2011 Jan 15;409(4):676-85. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.092. Epub 2010 Dec 4.

Bell ML, Cifuentes LA, Davis DL, Cushing E, Telles AG, Gouveia N., Environmental health indicators and a case study of air pollution in Latin American cities, Environ Res. 2011 Jan;111(1):57-66. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2010.10.005. Epub 2010 Nov 13. Review.

Scientists appeal to Quebec Premier Charest to stop exporting asbestos to the developing world. Takaro TK, Davis D, Van Rensburg SJ, Arroyo Aguilar RS, Algranti E, Bailar JC 3rd, Belpoggi F, Berlin M, Bhattacharya S, Bonnier Viger YV, Brophy J, Bustinza R, Cameron RB, Dement JM, Egilman D, Castleman B, Chaturvedi S, Cherniack M, Choudhury H, Demers PA, Digangi J, Digon A, Edwards JG, Englund A, Erikson B, Corréa Filho HR, Franco G, Frank AL, Freund A, Gee D, Giordano A, Gochfeld M, Gilberg M, Goldsmith DF, Goldstein BD, Grandjean P, Greenberg M, Gut I, Harari R, Hindry M, Hogstedt C, Huff J, Infante PF, Järvholm B, Kern DG, Keifer M, Khatter K, Kjuus H, Keith M, Koo LC, Kumar A, LaDou J, Landrigan PJ, Lemen RA, Last JM, Lee CW, Leigh J, Levin SM, Lippman A, Madrid GA, McCulloch J, McDiarmid MA, Merchant JA, Monforton C, Morse T, Muir DC, Mukerjee D, Mulloy KB, Myers J, Nuwayhid I, Orris P, Ozonoff D, Paek D, Patra M, Pelclová D, Pepper L, Poje GV, Rahman Q, Reyes B, Robinson BW, Rodríguez E, Rose C, Rosenman KD, Rosenstock L, Ruchirawat M, Rydzyński K, Schneider J, Silverstein B, Siqueira CE, Slatin C, Soffritti M, Soskoline C, Sparer J, Stayner LT, Takaro TK, Tarkowski S, Teitelbaum DT, Tompa A, Trosic I, Turcotte F, Vilela RA, Waterman YR, Watterson A, Wegman DH, Welch LS, Woitowitz HJ, Yanri Z, Zavariz C, Int J Occup Environ Health. 2010

Davis DL., The science and policy of identifying and controlling industrial cancer hazards, Rev Environ Health. 2009 Oct-Dec;24(4):263-9. No abstract available.

Han YY, Dinse GE, Umbach DM, Davis DL, Weissfeld JL, Age-period-cohort analysis of cancers not related to tobacco, screening, or HIV: sex and race differences. Cancer Causes Select item 2016632211.

Han YY, Dinse GE, Davis DL., Temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma incidence in Pennsylvania, Int J Occup Environ Health. 2010 Jan-Mar;16(1):75-84.

Han YY, Davis DL, Weissfeld JL, Dinse GE. Generational risks for cancers not related to tobacco, screening, or treatment in the United States, Cancer. 2010 Feb 15;116(4):940-8. doi:

Joshi TK, Bailar JC 3rd, Craner J, Davis D, Ehrlich R, Franco G, Frank AL, Huff J, LaDou J, Lanphear B, London L, Melnick RL, O’Neill R, Osaro E, Rosenman KD, Sass J, Smith AH, Soskolne CL, Stephens C, Stuckey R, Takaro TK, Teiteibaum D, Watterson A, Yassi A., Physician expelled from Indian Association of Occupational Health after critique, Int J Occup Environ Health. 2009 Oct-Dec;15(4):419-20. No abstract available.

Han YY, Kano H, Davis DL, Niranjan A, Lunsford LD, Cell phone use and acoustic neuroma: the need for standardized questionnaires and access to industry data., Surg Neurol. 9315.

The limits of two-year bioassay exposure regimens for identifying chemical carcinogens., Huff J, Jacobson MF, Davis DL., Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Nov;116(11):1439-42. doi: 10.1289/ehp.10716. Epub 2008 Jun 30.

Han YY, Weissfeld JL, Davis DL, Talbott EO., Arsenic levels in ground water and cancer incidence in Idaho: an ecologic study., Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009 Jul;82(7):843-9. doi: 10.1007/s00420-008-0362-9. Epub 2008 Oct 22.

Bell ML, Davis DL, Cifuentes LA, Krupnick AJ, Morgenstern RD, Thurston GD., Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation., Environ Health. 2008 Jul 31;7:41. doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-7-41. Review.

Davis DL, Ganter L, Weinkle J., Aspartame and incidence of brain malignancies., Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 May;17(5):1295-6. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-2869.

Abdo KM, Camargo CA Jr, Davis D, Egilman D, Epstein SS, Froines J, Hattis D, Hooper K, Huff J, Infante PF, Jacobson MF, Teitelbaum DT, Tickner JA., Letter to U.S. FDA commissioner. Questions about the safety of the artificial sweetener aspartame., Int J Occup

Davis DL, Webster P, Stainthorpe H, Chilton J, Jones L, Doi R., Declines in sex ratio at birth and fetal deaths in Japan, and in U.S. whites but not African Americans., Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Jun;115(6):941-6. Epub 2007 Apr 9.

Personal care products that contain estrogens or xenoestrogens may increase breast cancer risk, Donovan M, Tiwary CM, Axelrod D, Sasco AJ, Jones L, Hajek R, Sauber E, Kuo J, Davis DL., Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(4):756-66. Epub 2006 Nov 28.

Hormesis: a new religion?, Thayer KA, Melnick R, Huff J, Burns K, Davis D, Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Nov;114(11):A632-3. No abstract available.

Fundamental flaws of hormesis for public health decisions, Thayer KA, Melnick R, Burns K, Davis D, Huff J., Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Oct;113(10):1271-6.

The avoidable health effects of air pollution in three Latin American cities: Santiago, São Paulo, and Mexico City, Bell ML, Davis DL, Gouveia N, Borja-Aburto VH, Cifuentes LA., Environ Res. 2006 Mar;100(3):431-40. Epub 2005 Sep 19.

Unrecognized or potential risk factors for childhood cancer., Van Larebeke NA, Birnbaum LS, Boogaerts MA, Bracke M, Davis DL, Demarini DM, Hooper K, Huff J, Kleinjans JC, Legator MS, Schoeters G, Vähäkangas K., Int J Occup Environ Health. 2005 Apr-Jun;11(2):199-201.

“Hormesis”–an inappropriate extrapolation from the specific to the universal., Axelrod D, Burns K, Davis D, von Larebeke N., Int J Occup Environ Health. 2004 Jul-Sep;10(3):335-9.

Davis DL, Forrester C., Past and present environmental health challenges in Southwestern Pennsylvania: some comments on the right to a clean environment., Am J Law Med. 2004;30(2-3):305-32. No abstract available.

A retrospective assessment of mortality from the London smog episode of 1952: the role of influenza and pollution., Bell ML, Davis DL, Fletcher T., Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Jan;112(1):6-8.

Re: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology., Axelson O, Balbus JM, Cohen G, Davis D, Donnay A, Doolittle R, Duran BM, Egilman D, Epstein SS, Goldman L, Grandjean P, Hansen ES, Heltne P, Huff J, Infante P, Jacobson MF, Joshi TK, LaDou J, Landrigan PJ, Lee PR, Lockwood AH, MacGregor G, Melnick R, Messing K, Needleman H, Ozonoff D, Ravanesi B, Richter ED, Sass J, Schubert D, Suzuki D, Teitelbaum D, Temple NJ, Terracini B, Thompson A, Tickner J, Tomatis L, Upton AC, Whyatt RM, Wigmore D, Wilson T, Wing SB, Sharpe VA., Int J Occup Environ Health. 2003 Oct-Dec;9(4):386-9; author reply 389-90. No abstract available.

Editorial policies on financial disclosure., Jacobson MF, Sharpe VA, Angell M, Ashford NA, Blum A, Chary LK, Cho M, Coull BC, Davis D, Doolittle RF, Egilman D, Epstein SS, Greenberg M, Hooper K, Huff J, Joshi TK, Krimsky S, LaDou J, Levenstein C, Miles S, Needleman H, Pellegrino ED, Ravanesi B, Sass J, Schecter A, Schneiderman JS, Schubert D, Soffritti M, Suzuki D, Takaro TK, Temple NJ, Terracini B, Thompson A, Wallinga D, Wing S., Nat Neurosci. 2003 Oct;6(10):1001.

A look back at the London smog of 1952 and the half century since. Davis DL, Bell ML, Fletcher T. Environ Health Perspect. 2002 Dec;110(12):A734-5. No abstract available.

International expert workshop on the analysis of the economic and public health impacts of air pollution: workshop summary., Bell ML, Davis D, Cifuentes L, Cohen A, Gouveia N, Grant L, Green C, Johnson T, Rogat J, Spengler J, Thurston G., Environ Health Perspect. 2002 Nov;110(11):1163-8.

Carcinogenicity of saccharin in laboratory animals and humans: letter to Dr. Harry Conacher of Health Canada., Bell W, Clapp R, Davis D, Epstein S, Farber E, Fox DA, Holub B, Jacobson MF, Lijinsky W, Millstone E, Reuber MD, Suzuki D, Temple NJ., Int J Occup Environ Health. 2002 Oct-Dec;8(4):387-93.

Kyle AD, Woodruff TJ, Buffler PA, Davis DL., Use of an index to reflect the aggregate burden of long-term exposure to criteria air pollutants in the United States., Environ Health Perspect. 2002 Feb;110 Suppl 1:95-102. Review.

Davis DL., Fathers and fetuses., N Y Times Web. 1991 Mar 1:A27. No abstract available.